Many new market trends in the energy domain
The smartness of many Energy infrastructures will further increase certainly at the regional and distribution level of the networks. Smartening of a grid in general is realized by adding communication and by adding of advanced monitoring and control to the conventional energy infrastructures. In many cases the interfaces of customers connected to the grid are involved. Experiences with communication, advanced control, management and protection systems are already known from the application in the transmission grids for many decades. Transmission networks are already equipped with advanced communication and control systems.
There is an increasing need to provide much better observability and controllability of the grid and most of the users of the grid : these could be users physically connected to it as well as users partipating to performing grid services either through market-based relationship or with peer-to-peer contracts with the grid operators.
This is translated in new needs to equip local and regional networks with advanced control, data analytics and communication systems, first for managing the grid assets, but as well to exchange with all stakeholders participating in and/or impacted by the management of the grid.
Further increase of communication bandwidth over this time period and the application and new developments in telecommunication media make this possible. This allows for the connection of an extensive number of smart devices and sensors that use regional control and protection facilities. In order to support the simplification of interoperability amongst all devices of the grid, existing standards, and new standards where gaps exist, will be required to cover the following aspects.